The aim of this book is to track a distinct human phenomenon in the history of the ancient Near East: persons who were born males, but under various social and historical circumstances their masculine identity was considered to be ambiguous. On the basis of this, these persons can be classified as belonging to a third gender They bore specific titles, and were engaged in cult or palace administration. The contexts of their documentation occasionally depict them as possessing or exhibiting traits that were uncharacteristic of the standard social expectations of men in Mesopotamia. The terms that describe these persons were grouped in numerous lexical lists, which supply us with the frame and boundaries of the present research. To a lesser extent, the grouping of these persons is apparent in narrative and literary compositions. The most notable of these titles were gala/kalû, assinnu, kurgarrû and lú-sag / ša rēši. Other similar titles that were documented less frequently were kulu’u, girseqû,tīru, SAG-UR-SAG, pilpilû, nāš pilaqqi, sinnišānu and parû. Their sexual and gender ambiguity was realized in numerous and diverse manners. Continue reading Ilan Peled: Masculinities and Third Gender
Description: Session explores the interface between gender and archaeology, and the ways in which archaeology and related disciplines can reconstruct the world of women and other gender groups in antiquity. Papers should explore subjects such as the household and domestic life, industry and commerce, religion, etc. Other topics may also be included.
Deadline by February the 15th. Further details on submission guidelines and registration, on ASOR website.
Second Workshop on Gender, Methodology and the Ancient Near East Universitat de Barcelona, February 1-3, 20171
Conference venue: Universitat de Barcelona – Edifici Josep Carner (pl. Universitat, access through Aribau street, number 2), room 0.1 (ground floor). Nearest metro station: Universitat (lines 1 and 2) — Plaça de la Universitat – Google Maps
Wednesday February 1st 2017
9.00-9.45: welcome and introduction
9.00-9.15: Welcome: Adelina Millet Albà, director of the IPOA
9.15-9.45: Presentation and introduction to the workshop: Agnès Garcia-Ventura & Saana Svärd, “Studying Gender in the Ancient Near East: An Introduction”
9.45-11.15: panel 1
9.45-10.15: Ann Guinan, “Dressing the Whore of Babylon for the 21st Century: Sex, Gender and Theory in Mesopotamian Studies”
10.15-10.45: Gioele Zisa, “Queering šà-zi.ga Therapy. Considerations on the Relations between Masculinity, Sickness and Anatomy” Continue reading Second Workshop on Gender, Methodology and the Ancient Near
This volume gathers brand new essays from some of the most respected scholars of ancient history, archaeology, and physical anthropology to create an engaging overview of the lives of women in antiquity. The book is divided into ten sections, nine focusing on a particular area, and also includes almost 200 images, maps, and charts. The sections cover Mesopotamia, Egypt, Anatolia, Cyprus, the Levant, the Aegean, Italy, and Western Europe, and include many lesser-known cultures such as the Celts, Iberia, Carthage, the Black Sea region, and Scandinavia. Women’s experiences are explored, from ordinary daily life to religious ritual and practice, to motherhood, childbirth, sex, and building a career. Forensic evidence is also treated for the actual bodies of ancient women.
Near Eastern Archaeology, special issue, Volume 79, Issue 3, september 20161
- Jane Peterson: Woman’s Share in Neolithic Society: A View from the Southern Levant
Early farming groups set into motion substantial, even revolutionary, socioeconomic changes dur- ing the Pre-Pottery Neolithic period (ca. 10,500– 6,000 cal. b.c.e.) in the southern Levant of South- west Asia. Social organizational structures capable of addressing new opportunities and challenges would have been integral… ☛
- Maria Mina: Was It a Man’s World? Gender Relationships at the Transition to the Bronze Age in Cyprus
This article examines whether the apparently equitable gender relationships of the Chalcolithic period in Cyprus were replaced by gender in- equality in the Bronze Age. The discussion critiques the axioms … ☛
Richardson-Hewitt, Helen, Mervyn Richardson and Marten Stol. 2016. Women in the Ancient Near East. Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter (Open access)
Women in the Ancient Near East offers a lucid account of the daily life of women in Mesopotamia from the third millennium BCE until the beginning of the Hellenistic period. The book systematically presents the lives of women emerging from the available cuneiform material and discusses modern scholarly opinion. Stol’s book is the first full-scale treatment of the history of women in the Ancient Near East.
“The Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale held in Paris in 2009 enabled Agnès Garcia-Ventura and Saana Svärd to realize they both had a common interest: gender studies. This common interest materialized in a joint project we launched in 2012. The aims of their project were, first, to discuss some possible methodological approaches to gender within the framework of ancient Near Eastern studies; and second, to create spaces where people interested in such discussions could interact with each other. With their contribution to this special issue of the Near Eastern Archaeology, Agnès Garcia-Ventura and Saana Svärd aim to offer a brief presentation of the genesis of their project, the initiatives carried on until now, the current state of research, and future prospects.”1
Studying Gender in the Ancient Near East: First Steps and Future Prospects
Agnès Garcia-Ventura and Saana Svärd
Near Eastern Archaeology
Vol. 79, No. 3, Special Issue: Gender Archaeology (September 2016), pp. 222-223.
Organisers: Agnès Garcia-Ventura (“Sapienza”, Università degli Studi di Roma / IPOA, Universitat de Barcelona) & Saana Svärd (University of Helsinki)
When and where: IPOA, Universitat de Barcelona (Spain), February 1-3 2017.
- IPOA, Universitat de Barcelona: www.ub.edu/ipoa/
- Centre of Excellence “Sacred Texts in Change” in the University of Helsinki: blogs.helsinki.fi
After the workshop held in Helsinki in October 20141, the organisers are now pleased to announce the “Second Workshop on Gender, Methodology, and the Ancient Near East”. The aim of the meeting is to discuss different methodological and theoretical approaches to gender within the framework of ancient Near Eastern studies (including archaeology, art history and text studies) and to enable fruitful dialogues between these approaches.
If you are interested in delivering a paper relating to the aims of the workshop, please send us the title and the abstract (150-300 words) by September 30th: Agnès Garcia-Ventura (agnes.ventura[AT]gmail.com) and Saana Svärd (saana.svard[AT]helsinki.fi). Decisions about acceptance will be made before October 15th.